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Arrowhead Plant

Arrowhead Plant (Syngonium podophyllum) Aztec Plants

Arrowhead Plant Overview

Scientific name:

Syngonium podophyllum



Water requirements:


Light requirements:

Indirect Sun


Air Purifying, Low Maintenance

Table of Contents

Introduction to the Arrowhead Plant

The arrowhead plant, also known by its scientific name Syngonium podophyllum, is an easy-to-grow houseplant prized for its unique arrow-shaped leaves. With its vibrant green foliage accented by white, pink or yellow hues, this plant can add a touch of distinction to any indoor environment.

Brief overview of the Arrowhead Plant and its common and scientific names

Native to tropical American rainforests, the arrowhead plant is an evergreen perennial that has been cultivated as a houseplant for over a century. Its genus name Syngonium refers to its flowers being “fused together” while its species name podophyllum means “with foot-shaped leaves.” Beyond its common name, this plant is also sometimes called the goosefoot plant or nephthytis.

Unique qualities that make it suitable for office environments

There are a few key traits that make the arrowhead plant well-suited for office spaces:

  • Air Purifying: The arrowhead plant naturally filters out harmful toxins like benzene, xylene, and formaldehyde that are common in office environments.
  • Low Maintenance: Only needing moderate light and water, the arrowhead plant thrives with minimal care and is hard to kill.
  • Visually Appealing: The arrowhead plant’s vibrant leaves and trailing or climbing growth lend aesthetic interest.

Easy-care, air-purifying, and visually distinct, the arrowhead plant brings health and style to the office landscape.

Detailed Description of the Arrowhead Plant

The arrowhead plant, also known as Syngonium podophyllum, is a popular houseplant known for its distinctive arrow-shaped leaves. Native to tropical rainforests, it is an easy-to-grow plant that adds a touch of the exotic to any indoor space.

The arrowhead plant has lush, deep green foliage that emerges directly from the stem and soil line. The leaves start out small and heart-shaped when young, maturing to become arrow-shaped as the plant ages. Variegated varieties have leaves decorated with white, yellow, or pink markings. Mature arrowhead plants can grow up to 3-6 feet tall as climbing vines if given adequate support.

Appearance and Growth

Arrowhead plants have a bushy appearance with multiple stems sprouting from the soil. The stems are smooth, flexible, and climb or trail if given support. In the wild, they use their aerial roots to cling to tree trunks and rocks as they reach towards sunlight. Indoors, they remain more compact and bushy when grown in pots.

These plants grow relatively fast, adding new leaves and getting bushier as time passes. Their lush foliage fills out pots quickly, making them excellent for decorative plantings.

Ideal for Indoor Spaces

There are several reasons why the arrowhead plant has become a staple houseplant:

  • It thrives in low to medium, indirect light, making it perfect for offices and shaded rooms.
  • Arrowhead plants tolerate a wide humidity range, from 30% to 80%, suiting most indoor environments.
  • They are relatively easy to care for, requiring little specialized attention.
  • Their lush leaves and vibrant colors add life and beauty to any space.

With the right care, arrowhead plants can live for many years indoors, providing gardeners with lasting enjoyment.

Optimal Care Guide

The arrowhead plant thrives in bright, indirect light. Place it near a sunny window where it will receive plenty of bright light but be shielded from direct sun, which can scorch its leaves. An east, west, or slightly shaded south-facing window is ideal. Rotate the plant periodically so all sides receive equal light exposure.

Light Requirements

The arrowhead plant prefers temperatures between 60-80°F during the day and around 55°F at night. Avoid drafty areas as well as excessive heat. High temperatures can cause leaf scorching and plant stress.

Watering Schedule

Water the arrowhead plant when the top inch of soil is dry. Water thoroughly until water drains from the bottom of the pot, then empty the drainage tray. This ensures the entire root zone receives moisture while avoiding standing water. In winter, allow the soil to become almost completely dry between waterings.

The preferred watering method is bottom-watering. Place the pot in a bowl of water and let it soak for 30 minutes before returning it to its cache pot. Bottom-watering encourages strong root growth.

Ideal Temperature and Humidity

The arrowhead plant thrives in average home humidity but appreciates a boost through a humidifier or pebble tray. Ideal humidity levels are 40-50%. Mist the plant daily or place its pot on a pebble tray filled with water to increase moisture around the leaves. Take care not to overwater the soil itself.

Fertilize monthly in spring and summer with a balanced liquid fertilizer diluted to half-strength. Discontinue fertilizer over winter when growth slows.

Soil and Potting Tips

When it comes to potting your arrowhead plant, the most important thing is choosing the right soil. Arrowhead plants prefer a loose, well-draining soil that allows oxygen to easily reach the roots. The best mix contains:

  • Peat or coco coir to help retain some moisture
  • Perlite or pumice to provide drainage
  • Compost or worm castings to supply nutrients

A general houseplant potting mix amended with extra perlite is a good option. You can also purchase specially formulated mixes for aroids like arrowhead plants. Avoid heavy, dense soils that stay soggy.

Choosing the Right Pot

Pick a pot with drainage holes and use a quality potting mix like the one described above. Plastic and glazed ceramic pots are good choices that will retain some humidity while still allowing excess water to drain away.

As for size, choose a pot that is 2-4 inches wider than the current root ball. Arrowhead plants like being slightly root bound but also appreciate room to grow. Go up just one pot size at a time to prevent overpotting.

Repotting Arrowhead Plants

Plan to repot your arrowhead plant every 2-3 years in the spring, when growth picks up. Gently remove it from its current container and loosen any circled roots before placing it in fresh potting mix in a container one size up. This will provide nutrients and room for new growth.

You can also divide overgrown arrowhead plants in the spring to propagate new plants. Carefully separate the root ball into smaller sections, making sure each has some roots and leaves attached. Repot the divisions individually.

With the right soil and pot, your arrowhead plant will stay healthy and continue producing lush green foliage for years to come!

Benefits in the Office

The arrowhead plant offers several benefits that make it an ideal choice for office spaces. Some key advantages include:

Air Purification

The arrowhead plant is excellent at removing harmful pollutants from indoor air. As it takes in carbon dioxide, it releases oxygen through photosynthesis. This leads to improved air quality and circulation in office environments where ventilation may be limited. Studies show the arrowhead plant specifically eliminates benzene, formaldehyde and other VOCs.

Aesthetic Appeal

With its vibrant green leaves and trailing or climbing growth habit, the arrowhead plant brings natural beauty indoors. Its lush foliage can soften hard lines and décor. Positioning arrowhead plants in entryways or communal areas also creates a welcoming atmosphere for employees and guests.

Stress Reduction

Having plants in offices has been linked to lower stress levels, increased productivity and elevated moods. The arrowhead plant’s tranquil presence serves as a living air purifier that fosters a healthier headspace. Taking a moment to appreciate its leaves or trailing vines can provide a brief respite from work.

Easy Maintenance

While thriving in bright, indirect light, the arrowhead plant adapts well to lower light offices. Its watering needs are also modest compared to other plants. Remembering to occasionally prune and dust its leaves is all that is required to keep it looking tidy and vibrant. With minimal care, it enhances spaces for months or years.

Troubleshooting Common Issues

Common problems that might arise with the Arrowhead Plant

The Arrowhead Plant is generally easy to care for, but it can develop issues if not properly maintained. Some common problems include yellowing leaves, brown leaf tips, and stunted growth. Yellowing leaves usually indicate overwatering or underwatering. Check the soil moisture before watering – the soil should be allowed to partially dry out between waterings. Remove any leaves that are more than 50% yellow, as they likely won’t recover. Brown leaf tips are often caused by dry air. Increase humidity around the plant by misting it daily or using a pebble tray. Keep the plant away from heating and cooling vents as well. Prune off the damaged parts of the leaves. If your Arrowhead Plant has slowed or stopped growing, it likely needs more light. These plants do best in bright, indirect light. Rotate the plant periodically so all sides get adequate light exposure. Lack of nutrients can also cause stunted growth, so apply a balanced liquid fertilizer every 2-4 weeks during the growing season.

Providing practical solutions and preventative care tips

Here are some key things to remember to keep your Arrowhead Plant healthy and prevent issues:

  • Water only when the top inch of soil is dry. Water until it runs from the drainage holes at the bottom of the pot.
  • Wipe dust off the leaves every 2 weeks to optimize light absorption.
  • Apply fertilizer at half strength during the growing season to prevent nutrient deficiencies.
  • Keep the plant away from cold drafts which can damage the leaves.
  • Inspect new growth regularly for signs of pests like spider mites or mealybugs.
  • Repot every 2 years in spring, using fresh potting mix for optimal drainage.

By providing the right care, your Arrowhead Plant will thrive indoors for years to come. Be observant of its needs and make adjustments as required. With a little TLC, this tropical beauty will add life to any indoor space.

Fun Facts and Trivia

The arrowhead plant has some fascinating facts behind its common name and unique features. The leaves are shaped like arrowheads, which gives rise to its common moniker. The various leaf shapes and patterns showcase the diversity found within this species.

Historical Significance

Arrowhead plants have a long history of cultural significance. Native American tribes revered the plant and used the leaves for a variety of purposes. The arrow-like leaves were viewed as symbolic and incorporated into rituals, ceremonies, clothing, tools, and more.

Ideal Houseplant

Beyond its rich history, the arrowhead plant has become a beloved houseplant. Its ability to thrive in low light and low maintenance needs make it perfect for homes and offices. An added benefit is that it filters toxins from indoor air, improving air quality.

Unique Features

  • The arrowhead plant can grow up to 6 feet tall if supported, showcasing its climbing capabilities.
  • The leaves come in a range of colors like green, white, and pink for visual diversity.
  • It propagates easily both through cuttings and by rhizome division.

With arrow-shaped leaves, vibrant colors, and air purifying abilities, the arrowhead plant brings beauty and meaning wherever it grows.


After reading this definitive guide on growing and caring for the arrowhead plant, you should now have a comprehensive understanding of everything you need to know to successfully incorporate this lovely plant into your home or office.

Summarizing Key Points

We covered a wide range of topics, including:

  • An introduction to the arrowhead plant and why it makes an excellent choice for indoor spaces
  • A detailed description of the plant’s appearance, growth habits, and distinctive features
  • Specific care instructions related to light, water, temperature, humidity, soil, and potting
  • The benefits of having an arrowhead plant in an office environment
  • Troubleshooting advice for common issues that may arise
  • Fun trivia and facts about this fascinating plant

Armed with all this helpful information, you should feel fully prepared to add an arrowhead plant to your home or workspace.

Incorporating Into Your Office

I highly encourage you to consider bringing an arrowhead plant into your office. As we learned, it offers many specific benefits for the workplace, including purifying the indoor air, boosting moods, reducing stress, and adding beautiful, natural décor.

To get started, visit Aztec Plants to view their selection of gorgeous arrowhead plants available for hire. Aztec Plants can expertly advise you on choosing the right arrowhead plant for your office and help ensure its continued health and growth.

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