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Rubber Plant

Rubber Plant (Ficus elastica)

Rubber Plant Overview

Scientific name:

Ficus elastica



Water requirements:


Light requirements:

Indirect Sun


Air Purifying, Low Maintenance

Table of Contents

The rubber plant, with its thick green leaves and tree-like appearance, is a popular choice for homes and offices. Known by its scientific name Ficus elastica, the rubber plant has some unique qualities that make it stand out from other houseplants.

Firstly, the rubber plant is admired for its air purifying abilities. With large, glossy leaves, it can effectively filter out harmful toxins like formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, and benzene from indoor spaces. This makes it a great option for improving air quality in office environments.

The rubber plant also has an exotic, tropical look with its broad, oval-shaped leaves. The leaves can grow quite large – up to 12 inches long! With proper care, a rubber plant can grow tall, some varieties reaching heights of 8-10 feet. This makes a great statement piece in any room.

Finally, rubber plants are relatively easy to maintain. While they need consistent watering and bright, filtered light, they tend to be less fussy than other indoor plants. Their thick, leathery leaves are more resistant to pests and diseases as well.

With its air purifying abilities and visually appealing look, the hardy rubber plant makes an excellent addition to any office or living space.

Detailed Description of the Rubber Plant

The rubber plant, with its scientific name Ficus elastica, is known for its lush, glossy leaves that give it an exotic, tropical feel. As a young plant, the rubber plant has slender stems and small, oval shaped leaves. As it matures over time, thick woody stems emerge and large, oval-shaped leaves unfurl.


The leaves of the rubber plant grow quite large, typically 8-12 inches long and 3-5 inches wide when fully mature. They are a rich green color, smooth and leathery in texture, with a prominent midrib. The leaves emerge singularly from the branches, spreading outward and upward for maximum light exposure. In some varieties, the leaves may develop pink or white veins, adding extra visual interest.

Growth Habits

As a tropical plant native to Southeast Asia, the rubber plant prefers warm temperatures between 16-24°C and indirect or filtered sunlight. It grows best in humid environments, as this helps prevent leaf tip browning. The rubber plant has an upright, tree-like growth habit, with thick woody stems that can grow quite tall vertically when supported. It grows relatively slowly, only adding a few inches in height each year.

Distinctive Features

One of the most distinctive features of the rubber plant is its large, showy leaves that give it a tropical flair. The leaves emerge singularly along the branches, spreading outward and upward to create a full, bushy appearance. The stems have noticeable nodes, adding visual interest. Some varieties also have colorful pink or white accents on the leaves. Overall, the rubber plant makes a statement with its big, glossy leaves and tropical vibe.

Optimal Care Guide for the Rubber Plant

Providing the right care is key to keeping a rubber plant healthy and thriving. As a tropical plant, the rubber plant prefers warm temperatures, indirect sunlight, humid conditions, and well-drained soil.

Light Requirements

The rubber plant grows best in bright, indirect sunlight. Place it near a sunny window where it will receive plenty of ambient daylight but be shielded from direct sun, which can scorch its leaves. A north or east-facing window is often ideal. The plant can tolerate low light conditions, but its growth will slow and its foliage will become less lush.

Watering Needs

Water a rubber plant when the top inch or two of soil becomes dry, taking care not to overwater. The most effective watering method is to thoroughly soak the soil until water drains freely from the bottom drainage holes, then allow any excess water to drain away. This encourages deep root growth. Water about once a week in summer and every 2-3 weeks in winter when growth slows.

Temperature and Humidity

Rubber plants thrive in average room temperatures between 16-24°C. Avoid exposing them to temperatures below 50°F or rapid temperature drops, which can shock the plant. They also appreciate moderately humid conditions around 40-50% humidity. Group plants together, use pebble trays, or use a humidifier to raise humidity around the plant.

Soil and Potting

Use a well-draining potting mix for rubber plants, such as a peat-based soil amended with perlite or bark chips to improve drainage. Re-pot every 2-3 years in spring, moving up just one pot size at a time to avoid stressing the plant with a pot that is too large. Make sure the pot has drainage holes and use cache pots or plant saucers to protect furniture from excess water drainage.

With the right care, a rubber plant will grow into an impressive, lush addition to any indoor space. Pay attention to its light, water, temperature, and soil needs and this easy-going plant will thrive for years to come.

Benefits of Having a Rubber Plant in the Office

Bringing a rubber plant into your office space can provide a multitude of benefits beyond basic décor. As a highly effective air purifier, the rubber plant can increase oxygen levels and reduce toxins, mold, bacteria, and allergens in the air. With its large green leaves and tree-like structure, it also enhances the aesthetics of any room it occupies. The visual appeal of vibrant plants can have stress-reducing effects for employees, boosting mood, productivity, and focus.

Unmatched Air Purification

Of all popular indoor plants, the rubber plant filters out air pollutants the best. Its large, glossy leaves absorb toxins like formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, and trichloroethylene. It also eliminates mold spores and bacteria at rates up to 60%. By increasing humidity and decreasing allergens, it can minimise respiratory issues like inflammation, asthma, and allergic reactions.

Soothing Natural Beauty

With its striking burgundy leaves and tree-like structure, the rubber plant brings a subtle yet lively beauty to any space. Its vibrant colors and organic shapes have stress-reducing effects, helping to lower heart rate and blood pressure. Surrounding employees with natural elements fosters productivity and creativity by promoting calmness and focus.

Low Maintenance

Unlike some finicky indoor plants, the hardy rubber plant thrives with minimal care. It tolerates a wide range of light levels and temperatures and only needs infrequent watering. By selecting the adaptable rubber plant, businesses can reap the wellness benefits of indoor greenery without the intensive maintenance of more delicate species.

Troubleshooting Common Issues with the Rubber Plant

Rubber plants are generally quite hardy, but they can develop issues if not cared for properly. Here are some of the most common rubber plant problems and solutions:

Yellowing or Drooping Leaves

If your rubber plant’s leaves turn yellow or start drooping, it likely needs more or less water. Check the soil moisture – if the soil is bone dry, give it a good, thorough watering. If it’s soggy, allow it to dry out further before watering again. Improper watering is the most common reason for yellow leaves.

Leaf Curling

Curled or wrinkled leaves usually indicate inconsistent watering. Try to keep the soil moisture more regular by watering once the top inch becomes dry. Curling can also be caused by temperature stress from cold drafts.

Leaf Spots

Leaf spots or other discoloration can signal a fungal infection. Improve air circulation around the plant and remove any infected leaves. You can also try treating with a copper-based fungicide. Prevent this issue by not overwatering.


These small white cottony pests enjoy munching on rubber plants. You may see them on the stems or undersides of leaves. Wipe them away with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol or insecticidal soap. You can also use neem oil as a natural pesticide spray.

Root Rot

If you notice sudden leaf drop, the cause may be root rot from overwatering. Check the roots – healthy roots should be firm and white/tan. Rotted roots are dark brown and mushy. If the rot is severe, propagate healthy stems to start new plants.

Prevent many problems by providing good drainage, moderate watering, and bright indirect light. Wipe dust from the leaves every so often and trim off any unhealthy tissue.

Fun Facts and Trivia about the Rubber Plant

The rubber plant has a long and fascinating history. Native to tropical regions of Africa and Asia, it has been cultivated for over 3,500 years for its unique latex sap. This milky white sap was used by ancient peoples to create a bouncy, stretchy material that became known as natural rubber.

Ancient Uses

The Olmec civilization in ancient Mexico (1500 BCE–400 BCE) developed the practice of extracting latex from local rubber producing plants to create rubber balls for their sacred religious ceremonies. These balls represented severed human heads!

Wartime Importance

During World War II, the demand for rubber increased dramatically. As the Japanese occupied the rubber plantations of Southeast Asia, the U.S. supported rubber cultivation in Central America to maintain their supply of this strategic resource.

Musical Fruit

The seeds of the rubber plant were once used to make percussion instruments like maracas and guiros. The hollow fruits contain seeds that rattle, creating a rhythmic sound when shaken.

Rubber plants have come a long way from their ancient beginnings! While no longer used to make rubber balls or musical instruments, they still purify our air and please our eyes as lovely houseplants.


After learning all about the rubber plant, it’s clear this attractive and easy-to-care-for plant has a lot to offer any office space. Let’s quickly recap some of the key benefits we covered:

  • Rubber plants purify indoor air by removing toxins like formaldehyde and carbon monoxide.
  • Their large, glossy leaves can help reduce stress and increase feelings of wellbeing.
  • Rubber plants are low maintenance, only needing infrequent watering and thriving in most indoor conditions.
  • Placing rubber plants in corners can enhance the flow of positive energy, according to feng shui principles.

With all these advantages, it’s no wonder the rubber plant remains such a staple in offices and homes. If you’re ready to bring one into your workspace, get in touch with Aztec Plants. They offer specialised rubber plants ideal for professional environments.

Contact Aztec Plants Today

Don’t wait – transform your office atmosphere with a vibrant rubber plant! Aztec Plants provides plants specially selected for office spaces, plus complimentary consultations to ensure you find the perfect match. Visit the Aztec Plants website to get started.

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