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Spider Plant

Spider Plant (Chlorophytum comosum)

Spider Plant Overview

Scientific name:

Chlorophytum comosum



Water requirements:


Light requirements:

Indirect Sun


Air Purifying, Pet Friendly, Low Maintenance

Table of Contents

The spider plant, also known by its scientific name Chlorophytum comosum, is one of the most popular and easy to grow houseplants. With its cascading green leaves and air purifying abilities, it’s no wonder the spider plant has been a staple in homes and offices for decades.

The spider plant gets its common name from the baby plantlets that form on flowering stems. These tiny spiderettes eventually root and form new plants, allowing the spider plant to propagate itself with ease. In fact, the spider plant’s ability to rapidly multiply is why you’ll often see it referred to as a type of “airplane plant.”

Beyond its propagation talents, the spider plant has much more to offer. Its long strappy leaves add a contemporary flair to any space. The spider plant also happens to be one of the most effective plants at removing toxins like formaldehyde, xylene, and toluene from indoor air.

So if you’re looking for a no-fuss houseplant that purifies air, is pet and kid-friendly, and looks stylish, the humble yet heroic spider plant checks all the boxes.

Detailed Description of Spider Plant


The spider plant is known for its long, arching leaves that can grow up to 45 cm (18 inches) in length. The leaves emerge from the central rosette in a fountain-like display. They are generally green in color, but some varieties feature leaves with white or yellow stripes, adding visual interest. As the plant matures, it produces slender arched stems called stolons from which baby spider plantlets develop. These tiny plantlets look like spiders with their thin leaves dangling, giving the spider plant its common name.

Growth Habits

The spider plant is exceptionally easy to grow. It flourishes in average home temperatures and moderate light. One of the most fascinating aspects of the spider plant is its ability to produce plantlets. As the parent plant matures, it sends out runners from which baby spider plants form at the nodes. These babies form their own roots while still attached to the parent. Once the babies have an established root system, they can be snipped off and potted to propagate more plants. This fast, prolific growth allows the spider plant to spread quickly given the right conditions.

Distinctive Features

The spider plant has a number of standout qualities that make it a popular houseplant. Its graceful, cascading foliage provides unique visual appeal. The leaves tend to gracefully arch and spill over containers like waterfalls of green. The plant is also extremely hardy and adaptable to a wide range of growing conditions from bright light to low light. Even with neglect, the spider plant tends to thrive. Additionally, the spider plant improves indoor air quality by removing toxins like formaldehyde, xylene, and toluene from the environment. Few houseplants match its air purification abilities.

Optimal Care Guide for Spider Plant

Light Requirements

The spider plant thrives in bright, indirect light. Place it near a sunny window, but out of the direct sunlight which can scorch its leaves. North or east-facing windows are ideal. The spider plant can tolerate lower light conditions than other houseplants, but its growth will slow. In medium to low light, expect slower growth and less vibrant foliage. Provide adequate sunlight to keep the spider plant healthy and growing.

Watering Schedule

The spider plant prefers a thorough watering whenever the top inch or two of soil becomes dry. Water less frequently in winter when growth slows. Allow the pot to drain fully after watering and do not leave the plant sitting in water, which can lead to root rot. The most common cause of problems is overwatering. Allow the soil to dry out some between waterings. Water once a week in summer and every 2-3 weeks in winter depending on light levels and humidity. The spider plant’s graceful, arching foliage will become limp and droopy when it needs a drink.

Temperature and Humidity

Spider plants thrive in average home temperatures above 16°C. Keep them away from cold drafts from windows or hot air vents to avoid temperature extremes. The spider plant prefers average humidity around 40-50% but can tolerate lower humidity found in most homes. Mist the plant periodically or use a pebble tray to boost humidity if the air is very dry. Avoid sitting the pot on cold surfaces which can lead to root rot. Ideal growing conditions include bright, indirect light and average room temperature and humidity.

Soil and Potting Tips

Spider plants grow best in a loose, well-draining potting mix. Use a general houseplant soil with ingredients like peat moss, perlite, vermiculite or bark chips. Do not use soil from the garden or yard, as this can remain too wet. When potting, choose a container with drainage holes and use a quality potting mix, not regular garden soil. Add sand or perlite to improve drainage if needed. Repot every 2-3 years in spring, moving it to a slightly larger container. Take care not to damage the roots when repotting.

Benefits of Spider Plant in the Office

Having spider plants in an office environment can provide several key benefits. First and foremost is their ability to purify indoor air. Studies have shown that spider plants are effective at removing harmful volatile organic compounds like formaldehyde and benzene from the air. These toxins can come from office furniture, carpeting, cleaning products, and more. By helping filter out these pollutants, spider plants can lead to improved indoor air quality and reduced exposure for office workers.

In addition to air purification, spider plants also boost the overall aesthetics of office spaces. Their lush green foliage and graceful, arching leaves provide appealing pops of living color to cubicles, desks, and common areas. This injection of nature into the indoor environment has been linked to positive psychological effects like lower stress levels and increased productivity.

Air Purification

The spider plant is exceptionally skilled at removing benzene, formaldehyde, carbon monoxide and xylene from the air. According to studies performed by NASA, spider plants were able to remove as much as 90% of chemical toxins from a controlled air environment in just 24 hours. The roots of the spider plant absorb these pollutants and convert them into nutrients, helping to cleanse and purify the surrounding air.

Aesthetic Appeal

With its long, green leaves that form a sprawling mound, the spider plant makes for an excellent decorative element in offices. The plant’s graceful, cascading foliage can soften hard edges and make spaces appear more inviting. Positioning spider plants on shelves, desktops and in waiting areas introduces natural beauty to environments that might otherwise feel stale or sterile.

Psychological Benefits

Research has shown that having plants in office environments can reduce stress, increase creativity and focus, and even improve moods. The presence of living plants triggers positive psychological responses in people. Spider plants in particular are easy to care for, so they won’t create additional responsibilities for busy office workers. Simply watering and appreciating the spider plants from time to time can be a small but uplifting part of employees’ daily routines.

Troubleshooting Common Issues with Spider Plant

Even a relatively easy-going plant like the spider plant can run into issues from time to time. By learning to recognise and address common spider plant problems, you can keep your plant happy and healthy for years to come.

Common Problems

Some of the most common spider plant issues include:

  • Brown leaf tips – Usually caused by irregular watering, dry air, or buildup of minerals in the water
  • Yellowing leaves – Typically a sign of overwatering, poor drainage, or insufficient light
  • Drooping leaves – Indicates the plant is getting too much or too little water
  • Pest infestations – Spider mites, aphids, fungus gnats, and mealybugs can be an issue

Practical Solutions

Fortunately, most spider plant problems can be easily corrected with a little attentive care:

  • For brown tips – Leach out mineral salts by watering thoroughly until water runs from the drainage holes
  • For yellow leaves – Check that the plant is not sitting in water and move to a brighter location
  • For drooping – Adjust watering frequency and volume based on the plant’s needs
  • For pests – Isolate affected plants and use insecticidal soap or neem oil

Preventative Care

Prevent problems before they start by:

  • Watering only when the top inch of soil is dry
  • Providing bright, indirect light
  • Using well-draining soil and pots with holes
  • Inspecting plants regularly for signs of stress or pests

By quickly addressing any issues and keeping up with basic spider plant care, you can maintain lush, vibrant plants for many years of enjoyment.

Fun Facts and Trivia about Spider Plant

The spider plant has an interesting history as a popular houseplant. Though native to tropical Africa, it became a staple in Victorian-era households in England thanks to its hardiness and exotic appeal. Today, it remains beloved for its unique appearance and air-purifying abilities.

Historical Significance

During the Victorian era, the spider plant gained popularity as a houseplant in England. Its long, arching leaves were reminiscent of exotic tropical plants, making it a fashionable adornment in Victorian parlors and sitting rooms. The Victorians appreciated its ability to thrive in indoor environments despite England’s cool, damp climate.

Unique Properties

One of the spider plant’s most unique features is its ability to produce plantlets or “spiderettes” on flowering stems. These baby spider plants can simply be snipped off and replanted to propagate new plants. This self-propagating ability enabled Victorian gardeners to easily share spider plants with friends and family. The spider plant also has distinctive variegated leaves. While some varieties have solid green straplike foliage, others are adorned with white or yellow stripes running through the leaves. This vibrant coloration makes them visually interesting as houseplants.

Cultural References

In some cultures, the spider plant is believed to bring good luck. There is a Hawaiian legend that spider plants were once human babies, and that placing one in the home can help couples conceive. The plant is also associated with prosperity and monetary gain in some Asian and African traditions. According to Chinese Feng Shui principles, the spider plant attracts positive energy and chi when placed in certain areas of the home or workplace.

Other Trivia

  • Spider plants can remove up to 90% of formaldehyde from indoor air.
  • NASA lists spider plants as one of the best plants for purifying air in space stations.
  • The plantlets can root just by touching moist soil, allowing the spider plant to spread rapidly.
  • Spider plants can thrive in a wide range of light conditions, from bright indirect light to shady spots.


After learning about the many benefits of the spider plant, from its air-purifying abilities to its calming psychological effects, it’s time to take action and bring this remarkable plant into your office space.

Contact Aztec Plants today for affordable spider plant hire services for your office. Aztec Plants specialises in providing businesses with beautiful, healthy spider plants to boost productivity and wellbeing among employees.

Enhance Your Office Environment

A thriving spider plant can truly enhance the overall aesthetic and ambiance of any office. Its lush green foliage and graceful arching leaves will add a vibrant, natural element to brighten up desks and common areas.

Improve Air Quality and Reduce Stress

With their excellent air-purifying capabilities, spider plants can actively filter out harmful toxins like xylene, formaldehyde, and carbon monoxide. This leads to cleaner, healthier indoor air to breathe during long workdays. Their calming presence can also lower anxiety and stress levels among employees.

Increase Productivity

Research shows that having plants in work environments can increase productivity by up to 15%. The positive psychological benefits that plants provide can boost motivation, creativity, and focus when working.

With their resilience and versatility, spider plants are the perfect low-maintenance addition to nurture in your workplace. Visit the Aztec Plants website here for more details and to get in touch about affordable spider plant hire for your office today!

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